Publication Ethics

The International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering is a peer-reviewed online international journal. The Journal is dedicated to maintaining a high standard regarding ethical values, and quality reserach. IJETAE Journal refers to the COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines (https://publicationethics.org/guidance/Guidelines) and accordingly revises its guidelines for the authors, reviewers, and other stakeholders from time to time as needed.

1. Duties of Authors:

1.1 Reporting Standards

Authors of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed and the results, followed by an objective discussion of the significance of the work. The manuscript should contain sufficient details like image citation, tabular data and references to cite the existing work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable to the journal.

1.2 Data Access and Retention

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the manuscript for editorial review. They should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. The authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least ten years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data center), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.

1.3 Originality and Plagiarism

Authors should ensure that they have written and submitted only entirely original works, and if they have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the work reported in the manuscript should also be cited. Plagiarism takes many forms, from "passing off" another's paper as the author's own to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another's paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

1.4 Concurrent Submission/Publication

Papers describing the same research should not be published in more than one journal or primary publication. Hence, authors should not submit for consideration a manuscript that has already been published in another journal. Submission of a manuscript concurrently to more than one journal is unethical publishing behavior and unacceptable.The publication of some kinds of manuscripts (such as clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided that certain conditions are met. Examples include: translations or a manuscript that is intended for a different group of readers.

1.5 Authorship of the Manuscript

Only persons who meet following authorship criterias should be listed as authors in the manuscript as they must be able to take public responsibility for the content:

  1. Made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, data acquisition, or analysis/interpretation of the study.
  2. Drafted the manuscript or revised it critically for important intellectual content
  3. Have seen and approved the final version of the Manuscript and agreed to its submission for publication

All persons who made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript (such as technical help, writing and editing assistance, general support) but who do not meet the criteria for authorship must not be listed as an author, but should be acknowledged in the "Acknowledgments" section after their written permission to be named as been obtained. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate coauthors (according to the above definition) and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the author list and verify that all coauthors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and agreed to its submission for publication.

1.5 Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Authors should at the earliest stage possible (generally by submitting a disclosure form at the time of submission and including a statement in the manuscript) disclose any conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or their interpretation in the manuscript. Examples of potential conflicts of interest that should be disclosed include financial ones such as honoraria, educational grants or other funding, participation in speakers' bureaus, membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interest, and paid expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements, as well as non-financial ones such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, knowledge or beliefs in the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the work should be disclosed (including the grant number or other reference number if any).

1.6 Acknowledgment of Sources

Authors should ensure that they have properly acknowledged the work of others, and should also cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately (from conversation, correspondence or discussion with third parties) must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Authors should not use information obtained in the course of providing confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, unless they have obtained the explicit written permission of the author(s) of the work involved in these services.

1.7 Fundamental errors in published works

When authors discover significant errors or inaccuracies in their own published work, it is their obligation to promptly notify the journal's editors or publisher and cooperate with them to either correct the Manuscript in the form of an erratum or to retract the Manuscript. If the editors or publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error or inaccuracy, then it is the authors' obligation to promptly correct or retract the Manuscript or provide evidence to the journal editors of the correctness of the Manuscript. 

2. Duties of Editors:

2.1 Fair Play and Editorial Independence
Editors evaluate submitted manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their academic merit (importance, originality, study’s validity, clarity) and its relevance to the journal’s scope, without regard to the authors’ race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, citizenship, religious belief, political philosophy or institutional affiliation. Decisions to edit and publish are not determined by the policies of governments or any other agencies outside of the journal itself. The Editor-in-Chief has full authority over the entire editorial content of the journal and the timing of publication of that content.

2.2 Confidentiality
Editors and editorial staff will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

2.3 Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
Editors and editorial board members will not use unpublished information disclosed in a submitted manuscript for their own research purposes without the authors’ explicit written consent. Privileged information or ideas obtained by editors as a result of handling the manuscript will be kept confidential and not used for their personal advantage. Editors will recuse themselves from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships/connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the Manuscripts; instead, they will ask another member of the editorial board to handle the manuscript.

2.4 Publication Decisions
The editors ensure that all submitted manuscripts being considered for publication undergo peer-review by at least two reviewers who are expert in the field. The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal will be published, based on the validation of the work in question, its importance to researchers and readers, the reviewers’ comments, and such legal requirements as are currently in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The Editor-in-Chief may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

2.5 Involvement and Cooperation in Investigations
Editors (in conjunction with the publisher and/or society) will take responsive measures when ethical concerns are raised with regard to a submitted manuscript or published Manuscript. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior will be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication. HKJN editors follow the COPE Flowcharts when dealing with cases of suspected misconduct. If, on investigation, the ethical concern is well-founded, a correction, retraction, expression of concern or other note as may be relevant, will be published in the journal.

3. Duties of Publisher:

3.1 Handling of Unethical Publishing Behavior
In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question. This includes the prompt publication of an erratum, clarification or, in the most severe case, the retraction of the affected work.  The publisher, together with the editors, shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, and under no circumstances encourage such misconduct or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.

3.2 Access to Journal Content
The publisher is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and ensures accessibility by partnering with organizations and maintaining digital archive.

4. Combined Duties of Publishers and Editors:

4.1 Publishers and editors shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred
4.2 Publisher or editors will not tolerate any kind of harassment of our authors, editors, reviewers, staff, or vendors.
4.3 In no case shall a publisher or editors encourage such misconduct, or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place
4.4 In the event that a journal’s publisher or editors are made aware of any allegation of research misconduct the publisher or editor shall deal ......with allegations appropriately
4.5 The journal should have guidelines for retracting or correcting articles when needed
4.6 Publishers and editors should always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.
4.7 Manuscripts that are found to have been plagiarized from a manuscript by other authors, whether published or unpublished, will be rejected ......and the authors may incur sanctions. Any published articles may need to be corrected or retracted.
4.8 Authors whose submitted manuscripts are found to include citations whose primary purpose is to increase the number of citations to a given ......author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal, may incur sanctions. Publisher and Editors must not ask authors to include ............references merely to increase citations to their own or an associate’s journal work, to the journal, or to another journal they are associated ......with.

If you have any questions, complaints, or suggestions related to our Journal, please write to us at [email protected]

References
[1] Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (March 2013) ‘COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers’ http://publicationethics.org/files/Ethical_guidelines_for_peer_reviewers_0.pdf
[2] Committee on Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (December 2017) ‘Core Practices’ https://publicationethics.org/core-practices